Lean Production is a system of manufacturing developed within the manufacturing of automobiles. Initially developed for Toyota and by Toyota, it's also known as the Toyota Production System (TPS), and also the 'just-in-time' production system.
This method of manufacturing owes its conception to an engineer Taiichi Ohno who was working with Toyota. He focused on eliminating waste in warfare-torn Japan, and also on empowering the workers. He also reduced kit-inventory and improved productivity. In doing so he went against the philosophy of Henry Ford who believed in shoring up assets in anticipation of what might be required in the future. To overcome the futuristically envisaged scarcity of producing sources, as Ford had carried out earlier than him, the administration group at Toyota constructed partnership with the suppliers! By making the utmost use of multi-skilled employees available on the factory, Toyota was able to flatten their management structure and focus their sources in a flexible manner. Being an in-house and smooth transition and likewise due to aftermath of the 2nd World War, Toyota was able to make the changes quickly. Toyota emerged method forward of its opponents by doing so.
The 10 guidelines of Lean Manufacturing may be greatest described as under:-
Pull manufacturing from buyer demand
Do it proper the primary time
Meet buyer requirements
Design for fast changeover
Partner with suppliers
Create a tradition of continuous improvement.
For a lay man the phrase 'Lean' can be best defined by the simple language - 'creating more value for customers with lesser assets'. With a purpose to obtain this, 'lean' thinking modifications the focus of the administration from optimizing separate technologies, vertical departments and vertical property to optimizing the circulation of services by means of whole value streams that stream horizontally across applied sciences, departments and assets to customers. This may be achieved by eliminating waste along the entire value stream, as an alternative of isolated cases. It may also be finished by creation of processes that require much less human effort, much less space and fewer time to extend production. In Lean Manufacturing the worth of the customer is acknowledged, and each effort is made to multiply it.
At this time, the Lean system is being tailored by each organization. The lean system applies not only to the production line however to every business and each process. In plain words, it is not a tactic or a program but a way of life and thought, not for an individual only but for the entire organization.
Some organizations prefer to not use the word 'lean' and use their very own nomenclature, e.g.; the Toyota Manufacturing System (TPS). Most corporations do so to exhibit that the program is not a brief-term value reduction program as visualized by the general public. They need the general public to know how the company thinks, and operates and conducts its business.just in time learning
as a carpenter needs a vision of what to build to get the complete advantage of a hammer, Lean thinkers also want a vision before picking up Lean tools.